Information sourced from atf.gov
SHORT BARREL RIFLE (SBR) INFORMATION
The National Firearms Act defines a Short Barrel Rifle (SBR) to include any rifle having a barrel or barrels of less than 16 inches in length OR a weapon made from a rifle if such weapon as modified has an overall length of less than 26 inches or a barrel or barrels of less than 16 inches in length.
Always double-check your national and local state laws
LEGAL SBR OWNERSHIP CRITERIA
To legally purchase, make, or possess a Short Barrel Rifle (SBR) you must:
- Be 21+ years of age to purchase a SBR from a dealer.
- Be 18+ years of age to purchase a SBR from an individual on a Form 4 to Form 4 transfer (contingent on state laws).
- Be 18+ years of age to make and register a SBR on a Form 1 (contingent on state laws).
- Be 18+ years of age to possess a SBR as a beneficiary of a trust or as a member of a corporation (contingent on state laws).
- Be a resident of the United States.
- Be legally eligible to purchase a firearm.
- Pass a BATFE background check.
- Pay a one-time $200 tax to register or transfer the item.
- Reside in a state that currently allows ownership of SBR’s.
Information required to be sent in with application form
HOW TO PURCHASE A SBR
In addition to meeting the legal Short Barrel Rifle (SBR) ownership criteria above (always following your specific state laws), you must submit the following information to the ATF and your local CLEO (Chief Law Enforcement Officer), varying slightly depending upon your method of purchase.
Note that when buying an existing SBR on a Form 4 transfer, you typically first purchase (pay for) the item from the seller, but not physically take ownership immediately. The seller must hold the item while you complete the NFA application process and wait to receive your application approval and tax stamp. After you receive official approval and your tax stamp, you can then legally pick up and take ownership of the item.
|ATF Form (in duplicate)||•||•|
|FBI FD-258 Fingerprint Cards||•||•|
|ATF Form 5320.23||•|
|Copy of Trust Documents||•|
|$200 Tax (per SBR)||•||•|
|Send CLEO Notification||•||•|
|… with copy of ATF Form 4||•||•|
|… with copy of ATF Form 5320.23 (from all Responsible Persons)||•|
|Wait For ATF Approval||•||•|
When building a SBR on a Form 1
IMPORTANT LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS
If you are planning to build a Short Barrel Rifle (SBR) using an existing firearm receiver on a Form 1, make certain to observe the following special considerations to help keep yourself out of trouble and properly follow NFA laws. Ideally, to ensure 100% that you are following legal requirements, do not purchase any short barrel parts, stocks, etc. until after you receive approval and your tax stamp.
- Determine what firearm receiver you will be starting with (whether an existing rifle or even a pistol), and the proposed length of the SBR you plan to build.
- Get your Form 1 filled out and all information submitted as soon as possible due to the extended waiting period.
- Do NOT collect or create any components that could be reasonably constructed into a functional SBR before receiving your officially approved application form. This includes purchasing any installable short barrel (or modifying an existing barrel) for a rifle, or any stock that could be installed onto a pistol, etc.